Cataracts are caused mainly by age, trauma, heredity, and exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Cataracts can also occur as a result of eye disease, after the use of certain medications, or as a result of medical conditions such as diabetes.
-Getting Older - Age is a major cause of developing cataracts.
-Birth defect like abnormal conditions in the eyes of unborn babies
-Environmental factors such as disease, toxic chemicals, medications
-Accidents or Injuries
-Exposure to ultraviolet light
Symptoms of cataracts
If a cataract is making it difficult for you to carry out your normal activities most doctors may suggest cataract surgery. Even if your visual acuity isn't severely affected, you might want cataract surgery to remove a cataract that's causing problems with glare or double vision.
Cataracts are the result of the eye's lens becoming tinted and cloudy. This accounts for over 48% of the world’s correctible blindness. Sooner or later cataracts affect just about everyone.
Studies show that cataracts affect:
42% of those between the ages of 52 to 64
60% of those between the ages of 65 and 74
91% of those between the ages of 75 and 85
Most people do not realize how much cataract surgery has advanced over the last 10 years. Not only have there been developments in the equipment but also with the lens implants themselves. HEPS offers latest technology involving no-stitch, no needle cataract surgery using small incision phacoemulsification. Millions of people undergo cataract surgery every year and have successful surgeries.
When considering cataract surgery you now have new options for lens implants. Some lenses can even correct your vision at near, far and intermediate distances. Years ago the only lens implants were monofocal, now you have options for multifocal/accommodating lenses or the traditional monofocal lens implants. Be sure to discuss these options in your consultation and pre-operative eye exams.
Intraocular Lens Options
Intraocular lenses come in a variety of materials and designs. Your HEPS cataract surgeon generally chooses a lens made of a material that is best suited to your individual situation. Some intraocular lenses used in our practice are coated with UV filters. These lenses are theoretically better at blocking the light rays in the blue spectrum. UV radiation is thought to be related to the development of macular degeneration in some patients. Some intraocular lenses are designed to be multifocal, which may enable patients to see both at distance and near without the aid of glasses. Additionally, we also offer accommodating lens implants, which actually move inside the eye to emulate the natural process of the eye’s crystalline lens.